ENCYCLOPÆDIA
Mauritiana
Alectroenas nitidissima - Mauritius Blue Pigeon
Pigeon hollandais - Pizon olande
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Reproduction of Mauritius Blue Pigeon - Alectroenas nitidissima on Île aux Aigrettes
Reproduction in the reception room of the Île aux Aigrettes Nature Reserve (Photo © Peter Werner 2004)
Old Print of Mauritius Blue Pigeon - Alectroenas nitidissima  Old print of Mauritius Blue Pigeon
/Images/pixel.gif" . . . .
  Data Sheet
Description

Scientific Name

Alectroenas nitidissima

English Name

Mauritius Blue Pigeon,Hackled Pigeon

Local English Name

Dutch Pigeon

French Name

Colombe hérissée

Local French Name

Pigeon hollandais

Creole Name

Pizon olande

Habitat

Terrestrial

Geographic Range

Mauritius

Status

Extinct 1826

First Description

Scopoli, 1786

 
Classification

Kingdom
Phylum
Sub phylum
Class
Sub class
Super order
Order
Family
Sub-Family
Genus
Species

Animalia
Chordata
Vertebrata
Aves


Columbiformes
Columbidae


Alectroenas nitidissima

 

The Mauritius Blue Pigeon, A. nitidissima, ('very bright') survived well into the 19th century (1), its extinction probably caused by a combination of hunting, habitat destruction and predation.

Mauritius Blue Pigeon Alectroenas nitidissima is known only from three skins and a number of descriptions and paintings, from Mauritius. It was first described by Harmansz in 1602, and persisted for more than two centuries thereafter. Milbert, writing in 1812, noted that he ate many in 1801, and Desjardins reported in 1832 that birds were “still found towards the centre of the island in the middle of those fine forests which by their remoteness, have escaped the devastating axe”. The last specimen was collected in 1826, however, and hunting and habitat loss presumably caused the species' extinction in the 1830s.

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Alectroenas pulcherrima -  Seichelles Blue Pigeon

Alectroenas pulcherrima - Seichelles Blue Pigeon
(R. Lucking)

Three species survive today: Seychelles Blue Pigeon, A. pulcherrima, ('very beautiful') on most of the granitic Seychelles, Comoro Blue Pigeon, A. sganzini, on the Comoros (nominate race) and Aldabra (A. s. minor), and Madagascar Blue Pigeon, A. madagascariensis, on Madagascar. At least two species are extinct.

Alectroenas madagascariensis - Madagascar Blue Pigeon
Alectroenas madagascariensis - Madagascar Blue Pigeon - Photo © G. Gerra & S.Sommazzi
. . .
. Extinct Birds

Index
Dodo
Blue Pigeon
Broad-billed Parrot
Grey Parrot
Mascarene Coot
Mauritian Duck
Mauritius Owl
Mascarene Swan
Mauritius Night Heron
Red Rail
Bourbon Crested Starling

Rodrigues Solitaire
Rodrigues Night Heron
Rodrigues Little Owl
Rodrigues Owl
Newton's Parakeet
Rodrigues Parrot
Rodrigues Pigeon
Rodrigues Rail
Rodrigues Starling


. . .
. References

(1) Cheke, A.S.
An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands.
In Studies of Mascarene island birds.
Diamond, A.W. (ed)
Cambridge, UK, 1987, Cambridge University Press.

(2) Stafford, Roger
Photospot: blue pigeons
in Bulletin of the African Bird Club volume 5.2,
September 1998

Goodwin, Derek. 1983. Pigeons and Doves of the World: Third Edition Trustees of The British Museum ( Natural History ). Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York. 363 pages. ( ISBN: 0-8014-1434-2 )


. . .
. Links

IUCN Red List
Birdlife International
The Mauritius Institute
Photospot Blue Pigeon
Le musée du Dodo


Stuffed Mauritius Blue Pigeon - Alectroenas nitidissima

Stuffed speciment of the Mauritius Institue,. two others being in Paris and Edinburg museums.

 

 

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