Fauna of Mauritius
Home Geography Fauna History Language Music Stamps


Birds Reptiles Fresh Water Fauna Marine Fauna

The absence of man, the isolation of the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues and  Reunion over millions of years have enabled a remarkable fauna and flora to  evolve there, undisturbed. This is often the case in remote and isolated islands.  The arrival of man and the ensuing colonisation have had tremendous impacts on  the native wildlife, most of it being driven into extinction or on the edge of  it.


In 1976, the government set up a Captive Breeding Programme with the help of  international organisations like the Jersey Wild Life Preservation Trust and the  World Centre for Birds of Prey of the USA. The Pink Pigeon was the first bird to  be bred in captivity and from 1977 to 1991, up to 225 such birds have been bred  either in Mauritius or in Europe and the USA.

Things were much more difficult with the Kestrel and it is only in 1984 that  the breeding programme really became successful. From 1977 to 1991, 200 birds  have been bred using various techniques like double clutching of eggs in both  the wild and in captivity, artificial insemination and hand rearing of youngs  hatched in incubators.

Fresh Water Fauna
Marine Fauna


Extinct Birds Dodo | Blue Pigeon | Broad-billed Parrot | Grey Parrot | Mascarene Coot | Mauritian Duck | Mauritius Owl | Mascarene Swan | Mauritius Night Heron | Red Rail | Bourbon Crested Starling
Rodrigues Solitaire | Rodrigues Night Heron | Rodrigues Little Owl | Rodrigues Owl | Newton's Parakeet | Rodrigues Parrot | Rodrigues Pigeon | Rodrigues Rail | Rodrigues Starling
Endemic Birds  Echo Parakeet | Kestrel | Pink Pigeon | Mauritius Fody | Paradise Flycatcher | Cuckoo Shrike | Grey White-Eye | Olive White-eye | Black Bulbul | Rodriguez Warbler | Yellow Fody
Oceanic Birds  | White-Tailed Tropic Bird
Bird Watching Sites  Pointe aux Piments | Black River Gorges National Park | Bassin Blanc | Black River Gorges Viewpoint | Macchabee Forest Road | Macchabee-Bel Ombre Nature Reserve | Gerald Durrell Endemic Wildlife Sanctuary | Petit River Noire Saltpans | Tamarin Saltpans | Casela Bird Park | Domaine des Chasseurs | Serpent Island | Round Island
Bibliography | Links

Endemic : species found only in Mauritius
Exotic : species introduced to the island by man
Indigenous : species found only within the Mascarene Islands
Oceanic Birds : species that live on the islets off the coast of Mauritius and  feed entirely from the sea


Copyright 2002-2005 Encyclopaedia Mauritiana
Encyclopedia Creole Sega Birds Maps Orchids Leica Alpa Kilfitt Cadelec