ENCYCLOPÆDIA
Mauritiana
The Mauritius Encyclopedia
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CREOLE LANGUAGE
 

History of Mauritian Creole

Apart from place names such as Flaq, Plaines Wilhelm and Flic–en–Flac, there are no Dutch works in Kreol. The tiny island of Mauritius has been called a "melting pot" and its linguistic situation is very complex.

While English is the official language of parliament, traffic regulations, and school administration, it is spoken by only 3% of the population. French is the native language of Franco-mauritians and is used by the mass media. Eighty percent of the newspapers are written in French, which also dominates the advertising field. Mauritian Creole, or MC, is the national language and is spoken by the majority of Mauritians.

Nearly the entire population knows and uses MC for communication. The majority of MC words are of French origin, although more than 150 are derived from English, more than 50 from Indian languages, and several from Malagasy and Chinese. Like many French-lexicon creoles, MC words often incorporate the article as part of the form of the word. For example: "liver" (winter), derives from the French "l'hiver", and "dilo" (water) from "de l'eau".

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Copyright ©2002-2005 Encyclopaedia Mauritiana
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. Language
Table of Content
 

Travellers' Creole

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Greeting Phrases
Ask your way in Creole
Idiomatic Phrases
Sirandanes
Dictionary
 

Languages of Mauritius

. Languages spoken in Mauritius
Mauritian French - Le Français de l'Ile Maurice
Bhojpuri: A Language of India
Tamil - A Language of India
Urdu, a Language of Pakistan
 

Kreol Morisyen

Pidgins and Creoles
Mauritian Creole
History
Speaking Slavery Language in Eighteenth Century Mauritius
Tu dimunn pu vini kreol - The Mauritian Creole and the concept of creolization
Diglossia in Mauritian Creole
Bibliography
Creolist Archives
Language Links
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